[Elderhostel Mysteries & Fiction Writing Techniques]


BookMarc © #18
Characterization - Part 6 of 6

     In BookMarc #17 we started building profiles, listing things to consider when we are building characters. We continue with the character profiles here which also concludes our discussions on characterization.

  Mannerisms and Quirks.
     We all have them. Little ticks that we don't recognize because they are part of us. When I stand and talk to people, I usually find I have my hands folded in front of me. I knew of a man who kept punctuating his speech by blowing air out his nose, sort of the opposite of a sniff. I know another who's always rubbing his nose, and ballplayers are always adjusting their crotch. All of these things not only make up the character and help us see them more clearly, but they can also be used as dialogue tags. Once you have attributed an action to Joe, you can substitute a pronoun for his name, i.e.: He rubbed his nose. "What a dreary day."

  Strengths and Weaknesses
     As we have said before, no one is all good or all evil. If you create a Superman you'll have a comic book character. That's not necessarily bad if that's the type of story you want. James Bond is a comic book character, but go back to the first books and you'll see he didn't start out that way. The same thing happens if you build a shriveling weakling. Why even have him? But if he's also cunning, now we have someone who could be dangerous. I built a hateful character once, a pervert among other things, and a killer, but he had two young daughters who he treated like gold. We need both sides. An epitaph for Adolf Hitler: he was kind to his dogs.

  Inner Conflicts
    These are the things battling for possession of the minds of our characters. It's the conflict that James Dandy faces in Bloody Bonsai. He arrives at an Elderhostel grousing that he shouldn't have come, and yet down deep he hopes it will turn out well. A successful contractor with a limited education sets up a potential conflict in a gathering of other successful people, when he is afraid his language will give him away. Either he brags about it to hide his inadequacies or his it quiet and reticent for the same reason. A lot of these conflicts tie back into Personal History and Place-in-the-World topics.

  Change
     We've mentioned this before. What changes take place in our character's makeup and thinking as a result of the story? Obviously big ticket conflicts such as witnessing a murder or being brutalized will leave an indelible mark on us. But even small conflicts, losing a cherished object, or having a political argument, changes us, even if only in a subtle way. So should it our characters.

  Dialogue Sayings and Comments
     Like Mannerisms and Quirks, we all have comments and sayings we use all the time, often w/o realizing it. Like: you know; that's marvelous; don't you know; whaddayagonnado; and sweetie. They can be a single word or a whole sentence. They should be consistent. If a character says, "Jesus H. Christ" in a moment of stress, we don't want him to say "Holy Moely" in a similar situation. Further, if they are character specific, they can be used dialogue tags. In an Elderhostel Mystery if someone says, "Great, just great," the reader knows it is Jim Dandy w/o being told because he is the only one who uses the phrase.

  Home
     When we describe our character's home, it helps define the character. If a woman keeps a casual or sloppy home, maybe it's because she's always playing with her children. The sloppy home first creates a negative, but then when we know the reason it creates a positive. If a man's house has everything in place, perfectly in-line, even his slippers when he goes to bed, doesn't that say something about him? Did she grow up in a mansion, or he in a dirt floor shack? It all goes into the character's makeup.

  How Do They Make Love
     Sex is so much a part of our makeup, how can we not take it into consideration? Does she do it in the afternoon, on rooftops, hanging from a chandelier? Is he obsessed with it, or just the opposite? Do they do it lovingly or clinically? Is it a pure power trip? Kinky, who's on top, grunt and groans, cries in the night.

  Humor
     And one more thing that's hard to catalog—some sense of humor. Very few people have no sense of humor, even if it's warped.

     Okay, that's it. Whew. It takes a fair amount of thinking to put it all down. Almost like writing another story. We can fill it out before, after, or during our first draft.

     Do we have to do it? Obviously not, because some published writers don't. But if you're starting out, this is one way to make well rounded characters. Even if you're having some success, may I suggest giving this a shot, just once, to see if this will improve your characterization. Why am I stressing it? Because, folks, after seven novels of flat characters, this worked for me. And if you're not getting results, why wouldn't give this a try?

     Is it a lot of work? Yes.

     But how much is it worth to you?

     If we want to be published, we have to put out the absolute best work we can. Good-enough will never be good enough. There's so much to learn, nobody knows it all. When asked how to succeed in show biz, Steve Martin said, "be so good they can not ignore you." The same applies to writing. And remember Stephen King (I think), "if we keep doing the same old things, we'll keep getting the same old results." The more you put down about your characters background, the better you, and your reader, will know that character, and the better you know him/her, the more they will pop off the paper and walk around as real people.

     That concludes our discussion on characterization. I hope it helps. I'll leave all six parts up on my website for awhile for you to check out.

     If you would like to personally receive BookMarcs when they are issued, send an email to Peter at easyreadingwriting dot com taking out the spaces and changing the at and dot for the symbols.

     And remember: it's always better to light a candle in your mind by reading [Easy Reading Writing] than to curse the darkness of rejections. There is an easy order link to B&N to purchase the book.

© Peter E. Abresch - BookMarc ©
February 13, 1998

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